People are chasing as long as there are people. But when we bend our fingers, we have recently been explored. Science Expert Dr. Nina Krüger explains what determines the selectivity and thus the probability of our hunting success.
is it the preparation?
Since I actively hunt, my father knows already in March whether and where interesting bucks stand in the area. Meticulously, he prepares the first of May, cuts seats, builds new ones, and converts ladders. But it is only when I have killed one of his chosen bucks that he makes himself one of the remaining ones. He always gives me precedence.
Dirk, on the other hand, is a huntsman who does not want to make any mistakes before others. If he is invited by friends, he rarely shoots something out of fear that he may have spoken wrong. On a chase in Hungary, however, in which some friends, but also a whole series of completely unknown, participated, he suddenly broke up several times and shot four sows in a bustle.
Two completely different hunting events that justify the question: When do we hunt like? Do the situation and the society in which we are moving make us dare, generous, or hesitant in hunting?
Human motivation for hunting
Why we hunt, we have often been asked. How we hunt, however, has hitherto been a rare subject of general and scientific interest outside the huntsman. Investigations were limited to the visible effects on age class, phenotype and gender distribution of the hunted game.
However, since a reduction in the quantity of shellfish is desired throughout Europe, a Norwegian research group has raised the question of what influences us on the hunt to shoot a certain piece, and what factors play a role in this decision making – with the aim of better understanding As we hunt, and to incorporate the human factor into future management measures.
Embossed by a value system
Particularly in Germany, but also in other countries, the hunters have created their own value system which, in addition to the legal provisions, is a rule for hunting. This is partly the result of feudal times, partly modern ethics, which are intended to ensure the sustainable management of wildlife and to take account of animal welfare considerations.
The central question of the Norwegian study was, therefore, how strictly these rules are maintained by voluntary self-control and what role it plays, where, when, what, and with whom we hunt.
Pressure factor ?
The research group, which consisted of scientists from the Wageningen University in the Netherlands, from Heidelberg and colleagues from the University of Oslo, has looked at the collected data of the Norwegian deer stretches from 1999 to 2010 in order to answer this question.
In Norway, it is a requirement that hunters should fill in a data form in which they provide information on the number of hours they have spent on the hunt. Besides, what came in sight and what actually could be killed. A total of 20,203 observations and 214,628 sightings were evaluated.
Although only one game was considered, it can be assumed that the results can also be transferred to other game species. Since the researchers also included weather data and the moon phase in their analysis, they finally looked at 181,989 situations in which the hunters had to answer the question: Shoot or run?